Rome is full of a thousand and one places to visit. It is undoubtedly one of the European cities with the most tourist attractions, and one of the most requested in the capital of Lazio is its museums. Today I am going to tell you about the 5 most famous places in Rome that you must visit yes or yes on your next trip to the city.
Despite the immensity that the Italian city can mean for a visitor who comes to Rome for the first time, there should be no panic. These museums that I present to you are perfectly indicated and marked practically throughout the city and it is not a problem to find them, in fact most of them probably already sound familiar to you. To help you plan your route I already told you my 10 plans in Rome, in case you have little time, and fifty things to see and do in Rome, if you are going to see this wonderful city for more days.
5 museums in Rome that you can’t miss
In the Italian capital there are about 150 museums that house practically all possible themes. In addition to the most classic and well-known archaeological or artistic themes, there are museums dedicated to science, literature, musical instruments, bread, and pasta. Seeing them all, or the vast majority, in a single visit is practically impossible, so I am going to recommend 5 essential museums in Rome.
The Capitoline Museums are considered the oldest in the world since in 1471 Pope Sixtus IV gave the city the collection of bronze statues that were kept in the Lateran Palace, all belonging to the Church. I told you also in this post of curiosities of Rome. The museum has been expanding, especially since Rome became the capital of Italy in 1870 and the main archaeological remains that appeared in the city began to be located there.
One of the best tourist attraction in Rome, the Vatican Museums are the reliable testimony to the patronage capacity that the Church had in past times. It is one of the largest art collections in the world and has only one word that can define it — like art or not — essential.
In its gallery you will find masterpieces by artists such as Giotto, Leonardo da Vinci, Rafael, El Perugino or Caravaggio, more than 460 works of exceptional quality. The Pío Clementino Museum is mainly focused on sculptural works. In its twelve rooms there are works of the stature of Apollo Belvedere, Laocoon or Perseus with the head of Medusa of Canova, as you can see the level of the works is very high.
3.-Museum of Roman Civilization
The Museo della Civiltà Romana gathers in its rooms an extraordinary and rich exhibition of various aspects of Roman Antiquity , captured with traces, models and reconstructions of works preserved in museums around the world and of monuments scattered throughout the Roman Empire.
The museum was opened in 1955 , but its origins are actually older. The first nucleus of the collections dates back to the 1911 Mostra Archeologica that took place in the Baths of Diocletian, under the direction of Rodolfo Lanciani, on the occasion of the celebration of the 50th anniversary of the Unity of Italy. For this exhibition a series of models and copies of such scientific and cultural interest were made that the organizers of the exhibition themselves decided to expose them permanently.
The Barberini Palace has been the headquarters of the National Gallery of Ancient Art and the Italian Institute of Numismatics since it emerged as a gallery integrating several collections of a private nature and of noble origin at the end of the 19th century. The palace was acquired by the Italian State after the Second World War. The Spanish king Carlos IV established his residence after his exile from 1814 until his death in this baroque palace (its architectural quality is already worth a visit in itself). This museum stands out above all for its pictorial collection.
The Galleria Borghese is the last of these 5 museums in Rome that I propose to visit. This museum arises as a result of the extraordinary collection of works of art collected throughout his life by Cardinal Scipione Borghese and other members of his family. If we spoke before of the Capitoline Museums as the oldest in the world, Villa Borghese is considered one of the first spaces built exclusively for exhibition purposes.